The Israeli Palestinian conflict remains unsolved for 65 years where two people are clashing against each others causing unrest in the Middle East. The objectives of this study are to access how effective communication can lead to peace process being successful in solving the Israeli Palestinian conflict and to analyse the factors that are obstacles for negotiation between Israel and Palestinian Authority. In conducting this research, an objective approach has been adopted to gather qualitative primary data through survey questionnaires for general public and interviews for politicians and diplomatic corps. The secondary data has been obtained at the archives of the Jerusalem Centre for Public Affair in Israel, the Bar Ilan University of Israel and The Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
It has been established that the barriers to effective communication in solving the Israeli Palestinian conflict are language, culture, religion, prejudice, stereotyping, lack of feedback, poor listening skills and wrong communication channel. Therefore, to overcome these barriers, making unprecedented history in agreeing a peace process, both parties need to improve listening skills, avoid hatred and provocative language, intend face to face communication through meetings, use of negotiation, establish joint social exchange programmes, emphasise feedback, avoid information overload and there must be a flexibility in meeting goals and target of peace process. This study also led to the fact that there is a need to promote intercultural communication and interfaith dialogue.
Hence, it can be concluded that there is an immediate call for both Israel and Palestinian Authority to enter into direct negotiation to agree on the major bottom line of the conflict relating to border and territorial swapping, security arrangement, the refugee status and the future of Jerusalem to implement the ‘Two State Solution’. Therefore, with effective communication, both parties can make unprecedented peace as this would reduce the barriers considerably, paving the way to a permanent agreement that will have a domino effect in the region leading to solve also the Arab Israeli conflict as well.
Adi Sinclair Livni